European leaders agreed on the climate reform. The Heads of State and Government of the 28 confirmed expectations on the eve of an agreement that provides for the reduction of 40% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, fixed at 27% the production of renewable energy and at the same percentage, the increase of energy efficiency. However, in this regard, each country is “free to set their own national targets higher,” reads the conclusion.
The leaders of the 28 were able to agree on another controversial issue: as regards the interconnection of networks, the EU is committed to reaching a share of 15% by 2030, as was called for in particular by Portugal, and 10 % by 2020, “it was not easy, but we managed to reach a fair decision, the agreement puts Europe on an ambitious path. Good news for the environment, for the health of citizens, for sustainable jobs and the talks started in Paris in 2015,” said the President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy at a press conference, at the last summit, noting that, “with the crisis in Ukraine and the turmoil in the Middle East, it has become very clear how urgent and vital is to reduce Europe’s energy dependence.”
The EU, echoed German Chancellor Angela Merkel, can now be considered a “decisive actor” in climate talks to be held in December next year in Paris to reach a new global treaty. And yet, according to the French President, Francois Hollande, the agreement reached in Brussels on that night “is very ambitious for the planet, because Europe is setting an example.” Eastern European countries were also satisfied, being still very dependent on coal, which is highly polluting, who fear an increase in energy costs due to new commitments. To speak for them was the new Polish prime minister, Ewa Kopacz, who assured that “there will be no additional costs.”
Warsaw and other capitals, in fact, are able to obtain a clause for revision of the target after the negotiations of 2015, in case they do not reach an agreement as ambitious globally, with China, India and the United States ready to commit in the same way, a circumstance that raises fears of a possible dilution of the objectives. But Van Rompuy warned: “All that is decided now will be maintained and we will not go below what was agreed.”